The right to believe, to worship and witness
The right to change one’s belief or religion
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RUSSIA: Sochi Muslims without Mosque, Catholics hope for Chapel
In the Black Sea town of Sochi, close to the Georgian border, the authorities have persistently denied the Yasin Muslim community permission to construct a mosque, Forum 18 News Service has learnt. The community has been trying to find a suitable site for 10 years but, "whenever I find somewhere, the [city] architectural department says that it's already sold, obstructed by pipes, or something else," Ravza Ramazanova, the organisation's chair, told Forum 18. The community's roughly 70 worshippers currently use three cramped cellar rooms – which Forum 18 has seen – to pray and study. Similarly, local Catholic priest Fr Dariusz Jagodzinski hopes that Sochi's bid to host the Winter Olympics in 2014 will assist plans for the construction of a Catholic chapel in the nearby town of Adler. This, he explained to Forum 18, was how the Catholic church in Sochi was built from 1995-97: "They were hoping to hold the Winter Olympics here in 2002." Forum 18 noted that the Russian Orthodox Church, the Armenian Apostolic Church, Baptists, Pentecostals, Jews and the New Apostolic Church all have prominent houses of worship in the Sochi area.
In one 2002 reply to Yasin, Krasnodar region's Department for Relations with Social Organisations explained that, in the absence of an area in Sochi populated largely by those "oriented towards the Muslim faith," allocation of land must be accompanied by a survey of public opinion in the area where the mosque would be situated "so as to avoid conflict situations" (see F18News 7 December 2004 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=470).
In fact, according to Ramazanova, there are positive community relations in Sochi, with members of the local Tree of Friendship nationalities society – "Estonians, Belarusians, Ukrainians, Adygeis, Armenians, Georgians, Greeks" - all supporting her campaign for a mosque. While a prominent public figure – she showed Forum 18 numerous photographs of herself with various local and national politicians, including Moscow mayor Yuri Luzhkov and parliamentary speaker Boris Gryzlov – Ramazanova said that even an appeal to the local authorities on her behalf by Tatarstan president Mintimer Shaimiyev had failed to yield any result.
Showing Forum 18 a copy of her latest – unanswered – 27 March 2006 letter to Sochi mayor Viktor Kolodyazhny, Ramazanova said that she still retains some hope, however. "The town has got much cleaner since he became mayor two years ago – I think he'll get around to us at some point." The letter reminds Kolodyazhny that he promised, at a 30 November 2005 Tree of Friendship meeting, to review the issue of identifying a construction site for the Muslim community by the end of the same year.
In the meantime, as Ramazanova complained to Forum 18, "all this stops me from working – how are the young supposed to learn their religion, to understand that God sees everything so they shouldn't drink or steal – without a mosque?" She pointed out that there is currently no fitting place for Muslims in the area – Russia's most popular holiday destination - to come for naming or burial rites: "When the father of a Tatar family here on holiday died, they had to come to this cellar!"
The telephone of Sochi administration's press secretary Oksana Velichkina went unanswered on 17 and 18 May, as did that of the city's department dealing with law enforcement agencies, religious and social organisations, Cossacks and international affairs.
Similarly to Ravza Ramazanova, local Catholic priest Fr Dariusz Jagodzinski is hoping that Sochi's bid to host the Winter Olympics in 2014 will assist plans for the construction of a chapel by his 80-strong parish of the Cappadocian Fathers in Adler, a town ten minutes' drive along the coast south of Sochi but coming under its municipal authority. This, he explained to Forum 18 on 11 April, was how the Catholic church of SS Apostles Thaddeus and Simon was built in Sochi from 1995-97: "They were hoping to hold the Winter Olympics here in 2002." Currently, however, the Adler parish is fighting court cases against ten different parties claiming to have been promised the same 700-square-metre plot of land already purchased by the Catholics for 25,000 US Dollars [675,750 Russian Roubles, 153,000 Norwegian Kroner, or 19,550 Euros], said Fr Dariusz, "but we have the official documents."
According to Fr Dariusz, the Adler chapel - while apparently close to Sochi - is sorely needed. He pointed out that some parishioners currently spend all day travelling to and from Sunday Mass, and that even the 100 Rouble [23 Norwegian Kroner, 3 Euros, or 4 US Dollars] single fare to Sochi from nearby towns is too much for a household where the monthly wage is 1,500 Roubles [340 Norwegian Kroner, 43 Euros, or 55 US Dollars].
Forum 18 noted that the Russian Orthodox Church, the Armenian Apostolic Church, Baptists, Pentecostals, Jews and the New Apostolic Church all have prominent houses of worship in the Sochi area.
For more on the problems experienced by religious organisations in securing worship premises, see F18News 7 December 2004 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=470, 19 August 2005 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=633, 24 August 2005 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=637 and 30 August 2005 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=639. (END)
For a personal commentary by an Old Believer about continuing denial of equality to Russia's religious minorities see F18News http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=570
For more background see Forum 18's Russia religious freedom survey at http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=509
A printer-friendly map of Russia is available at http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/atlas/index.html?Parent=europe&Rootmap=russi
17 May 2006
RUSSIA: Step forward for Salvation Army, backward for Pentecostals
The Salvation Army's Russian national registration has been restored, but its Moscow city branch is still unregistered. "We're waiting on [the European Court of Human Rights in] Strasbourg," Territorial Commander Colonel Barry Pobjie told Forum 18 News Service. However, the Salvation Army does not face obstruction to its day-to-day Moscow activities, unlike Jehovah's Witnesses in the city, who sometimes face obstruction and are under a local court ban. In contrast, in the southern city of Rostov-on-Don, the Salvation Army has told Forum 18 that it has not had the registration difficulties faced in Moscow. "That didn't affect us at all," Captain Vladimir Tatiosov said, noting that the authorities support the Salvation Army's various social projects. Pentecostal Pastor Viktor Shvedov told Forum 18 that his church can provide social assistance to prisoners, but is unofficially barred from both helping local children's homes and conducting a March for Jesus through Rostov-on-Don city centre. Before 2005, Rostov-on-Don Pentecostals were able to provide clothes, toys and building materials to children's homes.
9 May 2006
UZBEKISTAN: Deported "for defending believers' rights"
Russian lawyer Kirill Kulikov has been barred from entering Uzbekistan to help local Jehovah's Witnesses with the numerous prosecutions and denial of registration to their communities they face, Forum 18 News Service has learnt. Held at passport control on arrival at Tashkent airport early on 26 April, Kulikov was denied access to anyone, including the Russian Embassy, and forced to board a Moscow-bound flight that evening. "Entry to the Republic of Uzbekistan is closed," is the statement on his deportation document - the same wording used when Forum 18's correspondent was deported in 2005. "I am sure the reason for my deportation was the fact that I was defending believers' rights," Kulikov told Forum 18. He was deported a few days after three Turkmen Protestants, held when police raided a Protestant pastor's home in Urgench, were deported back to Turkmenistan, with stamps in their passports barring them also from future visits.
3 May 2006
RUSSIA: Religious work visa respite?
Catholics in southern Russia have told Forum 18 News Service it is getting easier for foreign Catholic priests to gain visas, citing the return to Russia of one of the eight Catholic clergy (including a bishop) barred since 1998. After being denied a visa in October 2004, Fr Janusz Blaut returned to his parish in Vladikavkaz last autumn, thanks to an invitation not from the parish but from the diocese in Saratov. Fr Dariusz Jagodzinski told Forum 18 in Sochi that Catholic priests in Krasnodar region – previously issued only three-month visas at a time – are now given one-year visas as elsewhere in southern Russia. Russia's Catholic Church, which was allowed no seminary in Soviet times, depends heavily on foreign clergy. Protestants, Muslims, Buddhists and a Jew are also among the 55 known religious workers barred since 1998, though a handful have been allowed to return. A Pentecostal pastor in Rostov-on-Don told Forum 18 that far fewer foreign Protestant missionaries are now working locally than in the 1990s and they have to keep a low profile.