MOLDOVA: Government "should register Muslims", says OSCE
The State Service for Religious Communities defied the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in refusing to register a Muslim community in the capital Chisinau, despite a letter from OSCE ambassador William Hill to deputy prime minister Andrei Stratan. "Moldova should register the Muslim communities, in the same way as other religious communities are registered," Claus Neukirch of the OSCE mission in Moldova told Forum 18 News Service. Bishop Antoni (Rudei) leads the six parishes of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad in Moldova, which has also been refused registration. He told Forum 18 that since the 6 March elections which saw the return to power of the Communist Party, police agents have been sent to his churches to find out what the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad is doing. "This was an excuse to keep us on tenterhooks," the bishop claimed.
Another Muslim community led by Mufti Alber Babaev, as well as parishes of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad headed by Bishop Antoni (Rudei) of Beltsy and Moldova, are also barred from registering (see F18News 21 July 2005 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=613 ).
Stratan, who is also foreign minister, was unavailable on 26 July, so Forum 18 was unable to find out when he will reply to the OSCE ambassador and what he proposes to say. Yuri Vicion, spokesperson for the foreign ministry, said Forum 18's 21 July written questions - on why the Muslim and Russian Orthodox Church Abroad communities have been repeatedly refused registration and how that accords with Moldova's international human rights commitments - had been passed to the State Service for Religious Communities, which had rejected the applications. "They've not responded," Vicion told Forum 18 on 26 July. "I can't help you any more." He declined to answer any further questions and put the phone down.
Bishop Antoni laments the authorities' repeated denial of registration to the six parishes in Moldova of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad. "We can't get land to build new churches and we're told we can't preach because we're not registered," he told Forum 18 on 26 July from the village of Bilicheny Vek in Singerei district near the town of Balti in northern Moldova. "Of course we want registration, so that we can activate our work freely like all other faiths." He says their complaint over denial of registration is still with the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg.
Among other difficulties, the bishop cited an occasion in the nearby village of Bilicheny Noi in 2003 when the local administration allocated a plot of land to build a church but, after priests of the Moscow Patriarchate stirred up local people against the presence of a church of his jurisdiction in the village the authorities changed their mind and took back the land.
Bishop Antoni complained that since the 6 March elections, which saw the return to power of the Communist Party, police agents have been sent to his churches – mainly located in private houses – to find out what the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad is doing. "They came to our churches in the week running up to Easter [1 May]," he told Forum 18. "This was an excuse to keep us on tenterhooks," the bishop claimed.
The OSCE mission told Forum 18 that it has discussed the refusal to register any Muslim communities with the State Service on Religious Communities "several times". "The authorities require submission of an additional document confirming the existence of the communities, which is, however, not required by the Law on Religions," Neukirch of the OSCE told Forum 18. "The City Hall therefore refuses to issue this document." He said the mission has also been monitoring Muslim challenges in court of the registration denials.
Neukirch added that in justifying its denials, the State Service for Religious Communities claims that it can only deal with Muslim registration applications after parliament has adopted the new law on religion. The law was approved by the Moldovan government on 27 October 2004 and the draft was sent to Council of Europe for review. At the end of 2004 it received its first reading in parliament, but the process came to a halt because of the 6 March elections. The Council of Europe has declined to discuss the details of its expertise on the draft law with Forum 18, given that the activity is still in process with the Moldovan authorities, but indicated that it presented to the government its latest comments on the draft in the wake of the elections.
A printer-friendly map of Moldova is available at http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/atlas/index.html?Parent=europe&Rootmap=moldov
21 July 2005
An application for state registration from the Spiritual Organisation of Muslims in Moldova has once again been rejected, Forum 18 News Service has learnt. Without registration, religious communities cannot have a bank account, publish literature, or build a prominent place of worship. The Muslim community has been trying since 2000 to gain legal status, and has appealed to the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The Russian Orthodox Church Abroad – also denied state registration - has also appealed to the ECtHR. The Bessarabian Orthodox Church, which is under the jurisdiction of the Romanian Orthodox Patriarchate, was only registered after the ECtHR fined the government for arbitrarily denying registration. Talgat Masaev, who leads a Muslim community in the capital Chisinau, told Forum 18 that the latest application was lodged on 28 June and rejected on 11 July. Officials have refused to tell Forum 18 the reason for the rejection.
1 June 2005
As participants prepare for the forthcoming OSCE Conference on Anti-Semitism and on Other Forms of Intolerance, Forum 18 News Service notes that religious believers face intolerance in the form of attacks on their internationally agreed rights to religious freedom – mainly from their governments – in many countries of the 55-member OSCE. Despite binding OSCE commitments to religious freedom, in some OSCE member states religious communities are still being vilified, fined and imprisoned for peaceful exercise of their faith, religious services are being broken up, places of worship confiscated and even destroyed, religious literature censored and religious communities denied state registration and hence the domestic legal right to exist. Events in Uzbekistan offer one warning of what the persistent intolerance of religious freedom and other internationally agreed human rights can lead to.
13 May 2005
"The ban on the activity of unregistered religious associations and the draconian amendments to the administrative code significantly limit believers' rights," Aleksandr Klyushev, of the Association of Religious Organisations of Kazakhstan (AROK) told Forum 18 News Service after 12 May Majilis parliamentary approval of sweeping "national security" amendments to eleven laws. The parliamentary debate had been expected on 18 May, but was suddenly brought forward. Klyushev said to Forum 18 that "deputies discovered that the discussion of the draft would take place on 11 May only on the day of the session. I believe this was done deliberately to prevent deputies from preparing for the consideration of the draft and from submitting amendments." Communist party deputy Yerasyl Abylkasymov told Forum 18 that "in the time of Genghis Khan such ideological saboteurs were hung, drawn and quartered. Alas it is now unfortunately not possible to do this and so we have to defend ourselves by means of laws." Having been approved by the Majilis, the lower house of parliament, the amendments now go to the upper house, the Senate, for approval.