TURKMENISTAN: "One thing shines through from this sordid tale.."
Maya Nurlieva, wife of Protestant prisoner of conscience Ilmurad Nurliev, has told Forum 18 News Service that the court deliberately withheld the written verdict to prevent him from lodging his appeal against his four-year prison term. She added that even though Nurliev and his church reject the charges brought, ordered her to pay "compensation" immediately. "I had to pay or they would kick us out of our home." The verdict also orders "forcible medical treatment to wean him off his narcotic dependency" - even though there is no independent medical evidence of this, which his wife and others strongly deny. Nurliev may be sent to a labour camp where there are indications that prisoners were tortured with psychotropic [mind-altering] drugs. The verdict contains demonstrably false allegations, and there is strong evidence that prosecution "witnesses" have been coerced into making statements. Turkmen human rights defender Natalya Shabunts noted that: "One thing shines through from this sordid tale: no church member betrayed their pastor and almost all came to the court. In a country where fundamental human rights are violated on a daily basis and an atmosphere of fear prevails before the unpunished actions of the 'law-enforcement agencies', this is a very bold move."
Nurlieva said that a court secretary offered to sell her the verdict for 30 Manats, but Judge Agajan Akjaev – who found him guilty on 21 October - ordered that the verdict should not be handed over to her.
Forum 18 was unable to find out why the verdict was not issued promptly, thus depriving Nurliev of the possibility to appeal. The telephone at Mary Town Court went unanswered each time Forum 18 called on 4 and 5 November.
A 45-year-old grandfather of two, Pastor Nurliev leads the Light to the World Pentecostal Church in Mary. The church has been repeatedly denied registration since 2007, the same year that Pastor Nurliev was placed on the country's exit ban list without officials explaining why (see F18News 2 February 2010 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=1403).
He was arrested on 27 August and was held in a crowded, smoky cell in the two months before the trial. His wife Maya was denied the possibility of meeting him, or handing over medication he needs as a diabetic .
Court orders forcible drug administration – against medical evidence
Most distressing for Nurliev's family and church members, the verdict declares that he is to be "given forcible medical treatment to wean him off his narcotic dependency". The court ordered this enforced treatment under Article 94, Part 2 of the Criminal Code, which declares: "Measures of a medical character can be prescribed by a court alongside a punishment in relation to people who have committed crimes who suffer from alcoholism, or drug or substance addiction, with the aim of healing or the creation of conditions enabling the achievement of the aims of the punishment."
It is likely that Nurliev and a Jehovah's Witness prisoner of conscience sentenced in mid-September, Ahmet Hudaybergenov, will be sent to Seydi labour camp, where Baptist and Jehovah's Witness prisoners of conscience have previously been held. There have been indications that some of these prisoners were tortured in the camp with psychotropic [mind-altering] drugs (see eg. F18News 25 October 2004 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=438).
The verdict states that the basis for the court's decision was a 7 September certificate from a narcological hospital that Nurliev needs treatment for drug addiction. If this was based on an examination, it must have taken place within 10 days of his arrest. However, a 5 October certificate from a psycho-neurological hospital declares that Nurliev is psychologically healthy, the verdict notes.
Maya Nurlieva vigorously refutes the prosecutor's accusation, and accepted in the verdict, that her husband is a drug addict. The verdict records her as having told the court that he had been a drug addict, but gave up drugs "in a day" when he became a Christian. One Turkmen Christian, who has seen the verdict, told Forum 18 that the way the verdict presents Maya Nurlieva's statement "implies that such a claim couldn't be believed and that Ilmurad needs further medical treatment to end any dependency. It is like they are making fun of her."
A 21 October 2010 letter from G. Gurtykov, chief doctor of Mary District Hospital, seen by Forum 18, confirms that Nurliev was registered as a blood donor on 21 October 2008.
"Ilmurad donated blood which was given to expectant mothers," Maya Nurlieva told Forum 18. "They wouldn't have accepted him as blood donor if he was a drug addict."
Nurliev was found guilty of swindling under Article 228, Part 2 of the Criminal Code, which carry a maximum penalty of five years' imprisonment and confiscation of property (see F18News 21 October 2010 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=1501). According to the verdict, seen by Forum 18, Nurliev was found guilty under Paragraphs b and c of Article 228, Part 2, which punish swindling conducted "repeatedly" and "bringing significant loss to the citizen". The prosecution case was presented by B. Ataev.
The verdict repeatedly quotes "witnesses" who testified against Nurliev as saying that he took 10 percent of their income and lived off the proceeds. It adds the claim that neither he not his wife works.
However, Maya Nurlieva told Forum 18 that her husband Ilmurad has lived for many years from his earnings as a barber for men. She added that she has worked for a local cotton factory since 1998. A 19 October 2010 letter from her place of work, stamped and signed by the Director of the firm, the Chief Accountant and the Head of the Personnel Department, seen by Forum 18, confirms that she has worked there since October 1998, is a first-class worker and earns 662 Manats (1,350 Norwegian Kroner, 170 Euros or 230 US Dollars) per month.
The verdict claims that the 1,616 Manats (3,270 Norwegian Kroner, 402 Euros or 561 US Dollars) Nurliev has been forced to pay was owed to four named individuals who accused him of swindling money from them. The verdict adds that 100 US Dollars seized from him at the time of his arrest on 27 August was counted towards that sum, leaving his wife with 1,331.46 Manats (2,711 Norwegian Kroner, 336 Euros or 467 US Dollars) to pay.
"My husband had not only the Dollars, but 50 Manats (102 Norwegian Kroner, 13 Euros or 18 US Dollars) in his pocket when they arrested him. What happened to that?" Nurlieva asked. The verdict makes no mention of this 50 Manats.
A "witness" who can't have witnessed..
Maya Nurlieva insisted to Forum 18 that the "witnesses" who claimed her husband had swindled them out of money were lying. Two of the four who accused him of taking 10 per cent of their income from them did not attend the court hearing.
One of the other two "witnesses" was Aybolek Akmuradovna Gurbanova, who told the court she had given Nurliev money on 1 January 2010. According to a 17 December 2009 verdict handed down by the same judge at the same court, seen by Forum 18, Aybolek Akmuradovna Gurbanova was among four defendants who received a three year prison term under Article 279 Part 3 of the Criminal Code ("hooliganism using a weapon").
Forum 18 understands that she was freed on 9 May 2010 under a prisoner amnesty, so on 1 January 2010 she was in prison, making it impossible for her to have given Nurliev money outside jail over four months earlier.
Gurbanova had initially claimed that Nurliev had extracted 340 Manats (692 Norwegian Kroner, 86 Euros or 119 US Dollars) from her. However, in court she increased this figure to 500 Manats (1,018 Norwegian Kroner, 126 Euros or 175 US Dollars) - the sum Nurliev was then ordered to pay her in ""compensation"".
Maya Nurlieva told Forum 18 that the fourth "witness" came to the church for the first and only time on 23 May 2010. But this "witness" told the court that Nurliev had forced her to pay 10 per cent of her income since 1 January 2010.
Nurlieva told Forum 18 in August that neither of the women named in the verdict ever gave money to the church or to her husband. "They now regret having written these accusations, but they did so under police pressure and it is now too late" (see F18News 30 August 2010 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=1481).
Human rights defenders have in other cases told Forum 18 that those who have been imprisoned are particularly vulnerable to pressure from the authorities to sign accusations prepared by police.
Church members vigorously refute the accusations made, and strongly question the credibility of prosecution witnesses (see F18News 18 October 2010 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=1499).
The verdict also states that the certificate Nurliev gained from a Bible College in the Ukrainian town of Ternopil in March 2006, his ordination certificate from Ternopil later in March 2006 and a list of marks he received for specific subject during studies there in March 2003 are not to be returned. It says they are to be retained in his file.
Verdict raises irrelevant issues – and doesn't state these accurately
The verdict repeatedly insists that Nurliev led "his sect" which it calls, wrongly, "Orthodox Christian" - meaning members of the Russian Orthodox Church instead of their actual affiliation as Pentecostal Protestants. It also cites "witnesses" as claiming that Nurliev insulted Islam and its prophet Muhammad. One claimed he had said that Islam had brought nothing to the people apart from mosques, while another alleged he had said that Islam cannot help people. However, the verdict does record Nurliev as having told the court that he had said nothing negative about Islam.
Both issues are irrelevant to the charges the state brought.
"One thing shines through from this sordid tale.."
A human rights defender based in the capital Ashgabad, Natalya Shabunts, in an article published on 2 November by the exiled Turkmen Initiative for Human Rights described Nurliev's conviction as "illegal". She also detailed many of the questionable elements of the prosecution case and the trial (see http://www.chrono-tm.org/?id=2813).
"One thing shines through from this sordid tale: no church member betrayed their pastor and almost all came to the court," she said praising church members' courage. "In a country where fundamental human rights are violated on a daily basis and an atmosphere of fear prevails before the unpunished actions of the 'law-enforcement agencies', this is a very bold move."
Police applied heavy pressure – including threats that her husband would be fired from his job – against another church member to falsely testify against Pastor Nurliev, but she refused to do this. 15 church members who came to the Church's Sunday worship service on 29 August signed an appeal to the Prosecutor's Office testifying to Nurliev's innocence (see F18News 30 August 2010 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=1481). Of the 15 church members present in the courtroom who wanted to speak up on Nurliev's behalf, only three – including herself – were allowed to do so (see F18News 21 October 2010 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=1501).
Human rights defender Shabunts also praised other Protestant leaders who came to the trial to support Nurliev.
"I hope to draw the attention of international organisations to the arbitrary judicial activity, when any person on a false accusation can be given an extended sentence," Shabunts added. "I hope that under pressure from the world community this innocent person will be freed, and those guilty of persecuting him will be punished."
Still held in investigation prison
Nurlieva told Forum 18 that her husband is still being held at the investigation prison in Mary. She was able to see him in the investigation prison on 23 October. However, she said she could see him only through a glass window and they had to talk on a telephone.
No international observers at trial
Maya Nurlieva complained that a diplomat from the United States Embassy, who had come from the capital Ashgabad, was not allowed into the courtroom (see F18News 21 October 2010 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=1501).
She also stated that, despite her repeated requests to the Ashgabad Centre of the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), no observer from the Centre was present at the trial.
The OSCE Centre told Forum 18 on 19 October, two days before the trial, that it had requested permission from the Foreign Ministry to observe the trial. In September the Centre stated that it was "closely following" the trial (see F18News 10 September 2010 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=1487). The Centre declined to state by telephone on 8 October whether or not it had attended the trial. No answer has been received to a written enquiry sent by Forum 18 asking the Centre whether it attended the trial, and if not what the reason for this was. (END)
For a personal commentary by a Protestant within Turkmenistan, on the fiction - despite government claims - of religious freedom in the country, and how religious communities and the international community should respond to this, see http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=728.
For a personal commentary by another Turkmen Protestant, arguing that "without freedom to meet for worship it is impossible to claim that we have freedom of religion or belief," see http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=1128.
More reports on freedom of thought, conscience and belief in Turkmenistan can be found at http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?query=&religion=all&country=32.
For more background information see Forum 18's religious freedom survey of Turkmenistan at http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=1512.
A compilation of Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) freedom of religion or belief commitments can be found at http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=1351.
A printer-friendly map of Turkmenistan is available at http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/atlas/index.html?Parent=asia&Rootmap=turkme.
21 October 2010
Turkmenistan has jailed two more prisoners of conscience, Forum 18 News Service has learned. Protestant Pastor Ilmurad Nurliev was today (21 October) jailed for four years and is likely to be sent to the Seydi labour camp where there have been claims of the use of psychotropic [mind-altering] drugs against prisoners. In mid-September a Jehovah's Witness, Ahmet Hudaybergenov, who conscientiously objects to compulsory military service, was sentenced to one and a half years. Pastor Nurliev's wife and fellow-church members strongly deny the authorities' allegations, and are seriously concerned for his health as the court ordered forced treatment for alleged drug addiction. A diabetic, they told Forum 18 he looked "very, very pale and thin" at the trial. Among "witnesses" produced by the authorities was a woman who was in jail on criminal charges when the authorities claimed she gave Pastor Nurliev money. Friends of Nurliev present at the trial told Forum 18 that "it was clear the whole thing was set up". Nurliev was surrounded at the trial by MSS secret police officers, who prevented his wife from coming close to her husband. "They didn't even allow him to kiss me," Maya Nurlieva complained to Forum 18.
19 October 2010
Unlike in 2009, when no pilgrims were allowed to travel, Turkmenistan is allowing a group of pilgrims to take part in the Muslim haj pilgrimage to Mecca in November – but only 188 people. In the past this figure has included members of the MSS secret police, to monitor pilgrims, and it also seems that – as usual - would-be pilgrims will not be allowed to travel separately from the government-approved group. Forum 18 News Service has learnt that at least one would-be independent pilgrim has been denied a Saudi Arabian haj visa, because the individual was not on the Turkmen government list. "In practice the Saudi Arabian Embassy won't give them a visa unless they are on the list approved by the Turkmen authorities. They refuse them on various pretexts," one Ashgabad resident complained to Forum 18. Turkmen officials have often claimed that Turkmen residents are allowed to go on the haj independently of the small government-sponsored group. However, Forum 18 has not found any independent confirmation that this has been allowed by either Turkmenistan or Saudi Arabia.
18 October 2010
Protestant pastor Ilmurad Nurliev is due to begin trial in Turkmenistan on the morning of Thursday 21 October, nearly two months after his arrest, Forum 18 News Service has learned. The criminal trial in Mary is on charges of large-scale swindling, with a penalty of up to five years' jail. His wife and church members vigorously deny the charges, and insist that the five people named as making accusations are not as the indictment claims church members. Three of them only attended the church a few times, and the remaining two are unknown. Other accusations vigorously denied are that Pastor Nurliev is a drug addict in need of treatment; he is a diabetic and – as she has not been allowed to see him – his wife is very concerned about his health. They also refute an allegation that he is unemployed and lives off the earnings of others, as he worked – until his arrest – as a barber. "Up to 20 church members will try to attend – all are ready to speak up to defend my husband," Maya Nurlieva told Forum 18. She has asked the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Centre in Ashgabad to send independent monitors to the trial. The Church has stopped meeting for worship after the arrest.