RUSSIA: Altai officials prefer eyedrops and cattle to Catholics
In the Siberian Altai region, Catholics have encountered persistent obstacles, Forum 18 News Service has found. The Catholic parish in Barnaul's attempts to regain its church – dating from 1908 – have been blocked since 1992. After the parish began its struggle with the local authority, a café was built onto the church and on top of the cemetery, along with an Orthodox chapel. The local governor claimed his main contribution to Orthodoxy had been in keeping Catholics out. The authorities in the neighbouring Altai Republic have similarly barred a Catholic church being built, despite local support for the church, citing the negative attitude of the Russian Orthodox Church who are "tired from the dominance of sects." In a striking contrast, the Moscow Patriarchate is currently seeking to build churches in the predominantly Catholic Irish cities of Galway and Limerick, where the first-ever Russian Orthodox liturgy was held in a Catholic church in 2002. Reasons given to the Irish ambassador for the Galway plan, to build a traditional Russian wooden church, were tourism and bearing "witness to Orthodox tradition and culture" to immigrants "and to Irish people."
Built between 1908 and 1913, the church was closed in 1932 and has served as Barnaul's Chemist [Drug Store] No. 4 since 1937. In a thick file of correspondence on the issue with the local authorities, Fr Roman showed Forum 18 a typical response from the municipal administration to the parish's requests. Dated 7 June 2000, the building cannot be returned to the church, it maintains, because the chemist's serves 13 nearby medical points, four regional medical institutions and over 30,000 local residents, as well as being the only stockist of particular eyedrops.
Although the head of Altai Regional Administration, Aleksandr Surikov, issued a decree in July 1993 promising the return of historical houses of worship and related property to religious organisations between 1995 and 2000, another letter from the authorities in the file notes that a January 2000 instruction postponed this deadline to the first half of 2003. In that year, Fr Roman told Forum 18, officials announced that the promised return had again been postponed: "They keep giving us the right to claim the building and then taking it away again. The current position is that there is no possibility of positively resolving the issue of returning it to us."
Fr Roman also told Forum 18 that other establishments began to be built onto the former church soon after the parish first began to campaign for its return in 1992, and that this has both complicated the claim and disturbed the remains of the surrounding Catholic cemetery. In response to his May 2000 query about a café built adjoining the building and on top of the cemetery. However, the then mayor of Barnaul, Vladimir Bavarin, wrote: "You are deeply mistaken regarding the interests of the city administration regarding the return of the building to your community. Sometimes one hears undeserved accusations and suppositions from insufficiently informed persons, and this is very offensive and painful, but when heard from you, a priest, a person whose calling is to serve by high moral example, then it is doubly offensive."
Forum 18 saw that the rear of the former Catholic church has also been extended to house the Siberian Institute for Human Reproduction and Genetics, while, a few metres from the stump of the only remaining cemetery cross, Fr Roman pointed out a tiny Orthodox chapel built approximately a year ago. Although the parish could pursue its claim via the courts, he said, "it could take another ten years," and the law has so far proved to be "irrelevant".
In March 2003, the local Altai Daily Review reported Altai Region's government chairman, Aleksandr Nazarchuk, as stating that his main contribution to Orthodoxy had been in keeping Catholic representatives out of Altai Region. The authorities in the neighbouring Altai Republic have similarly barred a Catholic construction project, Fr Roman confirmed to Forum 18, although he stressed that the initiative concerned is entirely independent of his Novosibirsk-based diocese.
Thus, in her 1999 book "Church for All Nations", Austrian Catholic Agnes Ritter writes that she has received visions of the Virgin Mary since 1975 directing her to build a Catholic church and pilgrimage centre on the banks of Lake Teletskoye in the Altai Republic. According to Fr Roman, the Turachak district authorities at the northern end of this lake, which has a small Catholic parish in Logach village, initially supported the project, but then blocked construction citing opposition from local residents.
Writing in the local weekly newspaper Postskriptum, in April 2002, Galina Maseyeva noted that between 2000 and 2002 Altai Republic's administration allocated land and approved building plans for the Austrian project. Although an opinion poll conducted among two-thirds of local residents showed that 798 out of 838 supported construction, a late March 2002 statement by local ministers noted that "in connection with the negative public reaction in Turachak districtâ¦ the construction of the Catholic church must be stoppedâ¦ the need for a Catholic church in Turachak district should be assessed. In examining this issue the strong ideological influence of the West on the local population via the media should be taken into account."
Cited at a subsequent meeting with local residents, Altai Republic's religious affairs official Svetlana Pustogacheva warned that grazing pasture for cattle would be removed, that there was no mechanism for controlling the work of the Catholic Church and that "free cheese is found only in a mousetrap." Maseyeva, however, indicates that most of the local residents who addressed the meeting were unopposed to the Catholic presence, referring to the desperately needed employment opportunities and increase in foreign visitors that it would bring. In May 2002 the newspaper of Altai State University, For Science, announced that head of Altai Republic Mikhail Lapshin had cancelled the project nevertheless. At a recent Moscow press conference, it reported him as saying that the issue would be considered only "when the pope and the patriarch of Moscow and All Rus' make up," adding that he did not want Catholics coming to his region and "abusing children, like in America."
On 25 March 2005, Anton Barykin reported in the Novosibirsk-based Chestnoye Slovo newspaper that the administration of Altai Republic had again rejected the idea of building a "Church for All Nations" on the shores of Teletskoye Lake. This time, the reason given was the negative attitude of the Russian Orthodox Church and other social organisations, who were "tired from the dominance of sects."
The Moscow Patriarchate has repeatedly strongly condemned what it describes as Catholic "proselytism" and is opposed to a prominent Catholic construction project in an area of Russia where the Catholic community is small. But it is currently seeking to do some similar building projects itself in a predominantly Catholic country, where the first-ever Russian Orthodox church was consecrated in 2003. On 29 June 2005, the Pravoslavie.ru Orthodox website outlined a Moscow meeting between the Patriarchate's head of External Church Relations, Metropolitan Kirill of Smolensk and Kaliningrad, and Irish ambassador to Russia Justin Harman. At this meeting, Dublin-based Russian Orthodox priest Fr Georgi Zavershinsky reportedly brought up the question of building a traditional Russian wooden church in the western, predominantly Catholic, Irish city of Galway, which "would adorn the tourist centre of the city and bear vivid witness to Orthodox tradition and culture, both to immigrants from the CIS and to Irish people living on the Atlantic coast."
The first-ever Russian Orthodox liturgy in the also predominantly Catholic Irish city of Limerick was celebrated in October 2002, in a Catholic church. The Limerick Leader newspaper reported, on 26 October 2002, a plan for an Orthodox church originating with Russian immigrants to Limerick, quoting local Roman Catholic Bishop Donal Murray as giving his full backing to the plan, saying that he "would love to do something for them [the Russian Orthodox]." Russian Orthodox services are held in Limerick's [Catholic] Augustinian Church, and Joe McGlynn, Augustinian pastoral co-ordinator, told the Limerick Leader that "we are delighted to host these services until they find their own church." Other Orthodox parishes have also been established in Ireland, with the help of both the [Anglican] Church of Ireland and the Roman Catholic Church.
For a personal commentary by an Old Believer about continuing denial of equality to Russia's religious minorities see F18News http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=570
For more background see Forum 18's Russia religious freedom survey at http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=509
A printer-friendly map of Russia is available at http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/atlas/index.html?Parent=europe&Rootmap=russi
A printer-friendly map of Ireland is available at http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/atlas/index.html?Parent=europe&Rootmap=irelan
2 August 2005
The Dalai Lama's only visit to the traditionally Buddhist Russian republic of Tuva was in 1992. Since then, none of the "very many attempts" to invite him to the republic has come close to success, a former kamby-lama (head Buddhist of Tuva) told Forum 18 News Service. "Religion shouldn't interfere in politics, but we want to see him," Norbu-Sambuu Mart-Ool noted to Forum 18. The Dalai Lama has several times visited Russia's two other traditionally Buddhist republics of Buryatia and Kalmykia. But the main obstacle to a visit to Tuva - which borders Mongolia – seems to be Russian relations with China, which opposes a visit taking place. Mart-Ool told Forum 18 that the efforts of Kalmykia's president were instrumental in ensuring the Dalai Lama's two-day visit to that republic, following several years of visa denials, but lamented that "our council of ministers is not so active." Tuva's main religious affairs official told Forum 18 that the republic's Buddhist community alone issues invitations to its Tibetan spiritual leader, while adding that the Tuvan government would provide assistance with transport and premises.
27 July 2005
Police in the traditionally Buddhist Russian republic of Tuva seem to be indifferent to violent attacks on Protestants. Pastor Aleksandr Degtyarev of Gospel Light Baptist Church, told Forum 18 News Service that "for them it is minor - they have too many murders to solve." The republic's crime rate is amongst the highest in Russia, with two-and-a-half times more murders than the national average. Physical attacks against religious believers are uncommon elsewhere in Russia, but there has in recent years been an apparent increase in cases of arson attacks on places of worship reported by Orthodox, Lutheran, Baptist, Pentecostal, Adventist, Jewish and Muslim communities. In some cases, police investigations have resulted in prosecution, but in others police either fail to investigate or refuse to acknowledge that arson has taken place. The director of the Moscow-based Baptist Association for Spiritual Renewal, Valentin Vasilizhenko, suggested to Forum 18 that arsonists might prefer to attack places of worship, because the repercussions against them would be far less serious than if they attacked a bank or a business.
25 July 2005
The traditionally Buddhist Russian republic of Tuva, bordering north-west Mongolia, closed a Christian children's home, Forum 18 News Service was told by a religious affairs official, as "the children go to church and pray without the permission of their parents or guardians." This is disputed by a former resident, Anna Mongush, who told Forum 18 that the real reason for the closure was that the only non-Christian staff member alleged in court that the home was a "sect," after she was sacked for theft, and the state authorities "thought they could get something from its closure." Highlighting broader confusion over religious education policy, Bible translator Vitali Voinov noted that neither Russia's Constitution, nor the religion law, allow for faith-based orphanages and that much in school religious education depends upon individual teachers. Some tell pupils that they should be Buddhists and visit shamans, while forbidding them from attending Christian churches. Foundations of Orthodox Culture is an optional school subject and this causes controversy, the head of the Volga Region Spiritual Directorate of Muslims told Forum 18.