AZERBAIJAN: "We don't need Baptists here," shouts obstructive official
"We don't need any Baptists here," Najiba Mamedova, the notary of Azerbaijan's north-western Zakatala [Zaqatala] region shouted at Forum 18 News Service, asked why she has for more than a year refused to notarise the signatures on the registration application of a local Baptist congregation. "We don't want a second Karabakh," Najiba Mamedova screamed, adding "Who financed you? Go to them," before throwing Forum 18 out of her office and threatening to call the police. The church's pastor, Hamid Shabanov, told Forum 18 that "She always spoke to us like that." The church began applying for registration in 1994, making it the religious community which has been denied registration in Azerbaijan for the longest period. The head of the Aliabad administration, Gasim Orujov, has refused to allow the Baptists to build a church in the village. "There is Islam here and we have our mosque," he told Forum 18.
Shabanov's church – one of three Baptist congregations in the village of Aliabad, two of which are members of the Azerbaijani Baptist Union – lodged its latest registration application for notarisation with Mamedova some fourteen months ago, but she has consistently refused to process it, church members complain. Without the notarised signatures of the church's founding members the application cannot be processed and the congregation cannot get legal status.
The church began applying for registration in 1994, making it the religious community which has been denied registration in Azerbaijan for the longest period.
Ali Abasov, a professor at the National Academy of Sciences and president of the Azerbaijani branch of the International Religious Liberty Association, said he could well understand how the authorities in a place like Aliabad could "illegally obstruct" the registration of a minority religious community. "It is a question of ten minutes at the notary's office," he told Forum 18 in the capital Baku on 29 November. "Officials should do their job in accordance with the law."
"It is wrong for the notary to refuse to notarise the documents," Azer Sharafli, head of the general department of the State Committee for Work with Religious Organisations, told Forum 18 in his office in Baku on 24 November. "It's their job to do so." He said although his committee is in charge of the registration of religious organisations, it is not its responsibility if other officials refuse to do their job. "No-one appealed to us," he claimed. He said if the Baptists have any complaint they should take their case to court.
"If all the paperwork is in order, notarisation is a question of no more than 30 minutes maximum, that's my view," the head of the Aliabad administration, Gasim Orujov, told Forum 18 under outsized portraits of President Ilham Aliyev and his late father Heydar Aliyev in his office in the village on 27 November. Although no fan of the Baptists, he said he was unable to tell if the authorities want to register the Baptists or not. "It's not my responsibility. I won't interfere."
Orujov readily admitted that the Baptists – like believers of any other faith – have the full right to practise their religion. "There's democracy here." He claimed to be ready to give the Baptists any documents they require to complete the registration process. However, he resolutely refused to allow them to build a church in the village. "There is Islam here and we have our mosque," he told Forum 18, gesturing to the nearby minaret. "People wouldn't allow a church nearby. There would be conflict." (He did not mention that Aliabad used to have a Georgian Orthodox church, which was closed during the Soviet period.)
Orujov brushed aside suggestions that one group of citizens cannot prevent another group of citizens exercising their rights. "Can we allow a church to be built after they have been here for only ten years?" he asked. "Let them pray at home." Told that registered places of worship of a wide variety of faiths exist in Baku he responded: "Baku has people of many faiths and different backgrounds – it's OK for churches to exist there."
This is not the only part of Azerbaijan in which the state has attacked Baptist churches (see F18News 12 February 2004 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=252). (END)
For more background information see Forum 18's Azerbaijan religious freedom survey at http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=92
A printer-friendly map of Azerbaijan is available at http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/atlas/index.html?Parent=asia&Rootmap=azerba
2 December 2004
Azeri authorities have repeatedly broken up meetings of a local academic research group investigating the state of religious freedom across the country, Forum 18 News Service has learnt. Project leader Hikmet Hajizade told Forum 18 that "we wanted about eight people in each group, but even such a small group was not allowed to meet – the police often drove us out of town." Police told FAR Centre researcher Haji Hajili that "they had received instructions to drive us out and said it would be better if we left peacefully of our own accord." The researchers faced such problems as the cancellation of premises' availability, police breaking up meetings, obtrusive eavesdropping by police informers, widespread fear of the authorities' reaction amongst local participants, police surveillance of participants' homes, some Muslim participants accusing researchers of working with "enemies of Islam" and then calling police to meetings, as well as threatening other participants.
1 December 2004
18-month-old Luka Eyvazov does not officially exist, Forum 18 News Service has found, because local authorities refuse to issue birth certificates for children with Christian names. "We have letters from village residents and 98 per cent are opposed to registering Christian names," local registration official Aybeniz Kalashova told Forum 18. Mehman Soltanov of the Justice Ministry asked Forum 18 "why did they choose a religious name?" and then speculated that it was not Luka's parents who chose his name but "some religious sect". Luka's father, Novruz Eyvazov, insists that children are from God and told Forum 18 that "We went many times to ask what basis they had to interfere in our family life. They indicated there was pressure on them from on high. When they told me to choose the name of a famous Azerbaijani poet or writer instead," he told Forum 18, "I responded that Luke, as one of the Gospel-writers, will still be famous when all the poets and writers are long forgotten." This is the latest of case of official refusal to register Christian names. Without birth certificates, people cannot go to kindergarten or to school, get treatment in a hospital or travel abroad.
22 November 2004
AZERBAIJAN: Police raid Adventist service, fine and threaten leader, connive at hostile TV interviews of children
While a Council of Europe delegation was examining whether Azerbaijan meets human rights commitments, police in the country's second city, Gyanja [Gäncä], raided a worship service being held by a registered Adventist congregation, arrested and interrogated two leaders, fining and threatening one with deportation, and connived at a local TV crew conducting hostile interviews with children against the protests of their parents. Interviewed by Forum 18 News Service, Firdovsi Kerimov, local representative of the State Committee for Work with Religious Organisations, who took part in the interrogations and TV interviews, claimed that he defends the rights of believers, "but only if they act in accordance with the law" and insisted that "everything was done in accordance with the law." The Azeri ban on foreigners conducting "religious propaganda" violates international human rights law, which does not distinguish between anyone legally resident in a country.