TURKMENISTAN: "Only two faiths are allowed, Islam and Orthodoxy" says deputy police chief
Abadan's deputy police chief has told Baptist Svetlana Gurkina that "in Turkmenistan only two faiths are allowed, Islam and Orthodoxy, while the rest are banned", local Baptists have told Forum 18 News Service. She was also subjected to crude remarks and threats to imprison her and confiscate her flat, if she continues to meet her fellow-Christians. Although criminal penalties for unregistered religious activity were formally lifted in May, unregistered Baptist communities have been hard-hit by the government's continued refusal to lift the ban on unregistered religious activity. Baptists in the capital Ashgabad have appealed to President Saparmurat Niyazov and government agencies to halt the ongoing persecution of Svetlana Gurkina.
Although criminal penalties for unregistered religious activity were formally lifted in May (see F18News 24 May 2004 http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=326 ) , these Baptist communities in Turkmenistan have been hard-hit by the government's continuing refusal to lift the ban on unregistered religious activity. Members of the Baptist congregation in Ashgabad have appealed to President Saparmurat Niyazov and various government agencies to halt the "persecution" of Gurkina.
Arriving at the town's police station on 15 June to recover her documents confiscated by the local police officer the previous evening, Gurkina reported that she was subjected to crude remarks and shouting from Abadan's deputy police chief D. Boliev. "Here in Turkmenistan, only two faiths are allowed, Islam and Orthodoxy, while the rest are banned!" he told her.
She said the "conversation" was then joined by another officer, who declared: "From now on you'll be under our control and your flat will be under surveillance. Wherever you go and whoever comes to visit you, we will know about it. Watch out: you face fines and then we will lock you up." When Gurkina informed the officer of President Niyazov's decree abolishing criminal penalties for religious activity "he went quiet".
Gurkina refused the officers' demands that she write a statement, insisting she was not guilty of anything. She said the local police officer then warned her: "If we observe that someone comes to visit you we will take your documents to the flat, hand them to the hyakimlik [local administration] and they will take away your flat." She said he tried to frighten her by saying she would be sentenced to ten days in prison. Warned that she would remain under surveillance, Gurkina was ordered to return to the police that evening, when she was finally handed back her documents.
Gurkina began to have problems because of her faith at the beginning of the year. On 13 February she was summoned by the secret police chief for Abadan. "They banned me from meeting with my friends in faith and even from travelling to Ashgabad, threatening to punish me and even to lock me up in prison," Gurkina reported.
Forum 18 has been unable to verify Gurkina's account independently, but reports from the Baptist Council of Churches have a long track-record of reliability.
Congregations of the Baptist Council of Churches have faced periodic harassment in recent years. Dozens of citizens of other former Soviet republics active in local congregations have been expelled from Turkmenistan, while individual Baptists have been fined, threatened, beaten, imprisoned and sacked from their jobs. Although such harassment appears to have lessened in recent months as the government tries to improve its image, intermittent harassment of Baptist Council of Churches congregations has continued.
For more background see Forum 18's latest religious freedom survey at
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28 June 2004
In an apparent sign that they intend to keep tight control of religious communities, officers of the police sixth department, which fights organised crime and terrorism, summoned at least four religious leaders in early June. Officers demanded full information about current and planned activities, and names and addresses of all members, Forum 18 News Service has learnt. Intermittent raids on religious communities continue as unregistered religious activity remains illegal. One Protestant told Forum 18 of serious threats in repeated raids on a church in Dashoguz in May. A Jehovah's Witness elder said five local officials confiscated two Bibles in a 10 June raid on a private home, adding that it is too early for them to apply for registration. "Can we apply when some of our lads are still in prison? We won't lodge an application until our community can function freely." Only four minority communities – the Adventists, the Baha'is, the Baptists and the Hare Krishnas – have gained registration since March.
25 June 2004
Six Jehovah's Witness prisoners of conscience have been freed this month, however, two other Jehovah's Witness prisoners of conscience, arrested in May, and the former chief mufti Nasrullah ibn Ibadullah, serving a twenty-two year prison sentence on charges the Turkmen authorities have refused to reveal, are known by Forum 18 News Service to be still in jail. The freed prisoners were routinely beaten during their imprisonment and pressured to renounce their faith, and in April two were threatened with death. It is believed that prisoners, including the former chief mufti, were beaten up by a special department of the Interior Ministry, in order to intimidate the prisoners before a visit by OSCE ambassadors in mid-May. Religious minorities have told Forum 18 of continuing low-level police harassment, including raids, threats and confiscations of literature.
3 June 2004
Seventh Day Adventists have confirmed that, on Monday 1 June, they were given state registration, the first religious group to be registered under the new state registration rules, and Baha'is are likely to be confirmed later today (3 June) as the next group to be registered. Other religious groups have expressed cautious optimism that they too may be registered, however, the state registration changes do not affect groups which refuse registration on principle, such as the "initsiativniki" Baptists. Unregistered religious activity remains, against international law, a de facto criminal offence, and it remains unclear how far newly-registered religious groups will be permitted to operate without being persecuted, or without the imposition of the heavy state control imposed on Sunni Muslims and the Russian Orthodox Church, the only groups to be state registered before 1 June.